What is a Battery? - Explained

What is a Battery? - Explained

Multiple Types of Batteries. Image from Internet.


What is a battery?

A battery is a type of an energy storing equipment. Battery stores energy in the form of electrical energy. By making a chemical reaction inside the battery cell, is how the battery stores energy inside the battery which also known as a electrochemical reaction. Batteries do have two terminal, which is positive also known as cathode and negative also known as anode.

Batteries are made up of different types of materials, where some materials are chemical and some materials are rare earth materials. Batteries does have different characteristics in them which also depending on the technology inside the battery and the materials which are inside the battery.

The power of the battery and the capacity of the battery is captured by volts and amperes. Depending on the battery's characteristics and features, batteries are capable of different roles like heavy duty, high discharging, low discharging and etc...


Usage of Batteries

Batteries are used in many types of applications in the real world. From the automobile industries to manufacturing industries to electronic components, batteries are widely used and the demand is growing day by day.

Battery Chemistry Types


Battery TypeNominal VoltageDescription
Zinc-Carbon1.2V
Zinc-ChlorideN/A
Alkaline1.15V
Nickel OxyhydroxideN/A
Lithium-Copper OxideN/A
Lithium Iron Disulfide1.5V
Lithium Manganese DioxideN/A
Lithium Carbon Fluoride3.0V
Lithum Chromium Oxide3.0V
Mercury Oxide1.2V
Zinc Oxide1.1V
Zamboni Pile0.8V
Silver Oxide1.5V
Magnesium1.5V
Nickel Cadmium (NiCd)1.2V
Lead Acid2.1V
Nickel Metal Hydride (NiMH)1.2V
Nickel Zinc (NiZn)1.6V
Silver Zinc (AgZn)1.86V and 1.5V
Lithium Iron Phosphate (LiFePO4)3.3V and 3.0V
Lithium Ion3.6V